Creation through Evolutionary Means: Online Resources

If you didn't get your fill with the numerous links on What Christians in Science Can Teach Us, then you might like to check out the online lectures, essays, and courses below. The next page lists about 10 recommended introductory books on the topic, penned by Christians who find their faith and their science at peace with one another.
 
Opening Essay
 

Creation Versus Creationism

by Graeme Finlay, Bernard Choong, John Flenley, Nishi Karunasinghe, Graham O’ Brien, Ross Prestidge, Cris Print, Andrew Shelling, and Mark West. Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith. 2006;58:236-239.

Many religious people think that evolutionary science and Christian faith are enemies. In the USA, they expend energy, time, and good will by attacking the teaching of evolution in schools. Recent battles have raged in Louisiana, Kansas, and Ohio.

The issue simmers in New Zealand, too. The NZ Listener (in 1995) commented that “God and Darwin are still battling it out in New Zealand schools” and (in 2000) that “the teaching of evolution remains under siege from Creationists.”

We are Christians who work in the sciences, and regard this controversy as a tragedy. We are committed both to the scientific enterprise (including evolutionary science) and to the Good News that God has revealed himself as a person, Jesus of Nazareth. The issue is resolvable by accepting two considerations:

1. We are an evolved species. Unprecedented developments in genetics show beyond reasonable doubt that we and other primates are the descendants of common ancestors. Just as DNA is used in courts to establish paternity, or to identify people involved with crimes, so particular features of DNA sequences establish evolutionary relatedness.

2. The science of evolution and the theology of creation differ in their vocabularies, subject matter, and concerns. Evolutionary science and the biblical concept of creation (regardless of whether someone believes in it) should be seen to address different aspects of human experience. They are not mutually exclusive.

Full-text here, courtesy of the American Scientific Affiliation

The BioLogos Foundation
 
What is it?
 
The BioLogos Foundation promotes the search for truth in both the natural and spiritual realms, and seeks to harmonize these different perspectives.
 
Dr. Francis Collins established The BioLogos Foundation to engage America’s escalating culture war between science and faith. On one side of the conversation, the “new atheists” argue that science removes the need for God. On the other side, religious fundamentalists argue that the Bible requires us to reject much of modern science. Many scientists, believers, and members of the general public do not find these options attractive.

There is therefore a great need to contribute to the public voice that represents the harmony of science and faith. BioLogos addresses the core themes of science and religion, and emphasizes the compatibility of Christian faith with what science has discovered about the origins of the universe and life.  In order to communicate this message to the general public, The BioLogos Foundation has created BioLogos.org. 

Funded by a grant from the John Templeton Foundation, the website articulates the compatibility of modern science with traditional Christian belief. Among other resources, this website posts responses to many of the questions received by Collins, Giberson, and Falk since the publication of their books, including: The Language of God; Saving Darwin; and Coming to Peace With Science [for more on these books, see our page Creation via Evolution: Books. By providing trustworthy insight, BioLogos.org stands as a reliable source of scholarly thought on contemporary issues in science and faith.

Endorsements

"Francis Collins and his colleagues may be the only people in the world capable of pulling off this project. They have courage as well as unquestioned respect from both sides of the debate, which has long begged for bridge-builders."

Philip Yancey, Author, Editor, Christianity Today

 
Online Courses

Denis O. Lamoureux

Denis Lamoureux is an assistant professor of science and religion at St. Joseph's College in the University of Alberta. He holds three (!) earned doctoral degrees: dentistry, theology, and biology. His academic specialty focuses on the modern origins controversy.
 
In this excellent introductory power point video, "Beyond the 'Evolution vs. Creation' Debate," he argues that the simple either/or approach to origins inhibits everyone from making informed choices. He asserts that if the limits of both conservative Christianity and evolutionary biology are respected, then their relationship is not only complementary, but also necessary. This view of origins is known as Evolutionary Creation. Concisely stated, it claims that the Father, Son and Holy Spirit created the universe and life through an ordained and sustained evolutionary process. Here you will find video and print lectures and more from Professor Lamoureux.
 
 
Gordon J. Glover
 

Gordon Glover has always had an insatiable interest in the natural sciences; specifically how they relate to Christian theology and the Bible.  He studied Mechanical Engineering at the University of Texas and Ocean Engineering at Texas A&M University.  He then served 11 years in the U.S. Navy as a Deep Sea Diver and Ocean Engineer before settling down in the suburbs of southern Maryland.

In his ongoing quest to integrate science with Christian orthodoxy, Gordon has probably held just about every conceivable position on Creation.  He now spends most of his free time studying, discussing, speaking and writing about the challenging philosophical issues that arise from the scientific investigation of natural history - and doing backyard astronomy with his three kids.

Video Series 1: “Does Science Contradict the Bible?”

Part I: What is Science? What is the Bible? These might seem like basic questions, but most people don’t ever stop to think about them. The Bible, being God’s inspired Word, is “revealed truth” that is independent of man, and is not contingent on anything in nature to be true. Science, however, is a community activity of fallen and fallible individuals that is based, not on revealed truth, but on reasonable consensus. And unlike the Word of God which standeth fast forever, science is continuously changing as our ability to make physical observations about the universe improves. In order to demonstrate the tentative and progressive nature of scientific knowledge, I run through about 6,000 years worth of astronomy in 15 minutes. By my count, there have been at least 5 major revolutions in astronomy that have completely changed man’s concept of the heavens. There was the ancient Near-Eastern flat-earth cosmology up to 240 B.C., the Ptolemaic theory through the middle ages, the Heliocentric model of the 17th and 18th centuries, the steady-state model of the 19th century, and the big bang theory of the mid 20th century. Yet through all of this scientific “progress” the heavens have always declared the glory of God!

Part II: What kind of “Science” does the Bible teach? Many people say that the Bible is not a science textbook, which is true. Clearly, the focus of Scripture is the story of Creation, the Fall, and Redemption through Christ. But this amazing story could have played itself out on any cosmological stage. So upon which scientific model of the universe does this drama of redemption unfold? The ancient Near-Eastern flat-earth cosmology? The Greek Ptolemaic model? Galileo’s heliocentric universe? Modern big bang theory? Which is it? Well, if we are willing to set aside our modern 21st century understanding of the heavens and the earth and see the Bible as the original audience would have understood it, the answer to this question becomes clear. In fact, every time one of the biblical authors makes a reference to the physical universe, it provides us a window into what constitutes a truly “biblical” cosmology. That is the easy part. The hard part is trying to figure out what to do with the biblical model of the cosmos. But the way we answer this question will determine how we treat all of the natural sciences, so the question is of utmost importance!

Part III: How should Christians treat the natural sciences today? Like I said in Part II, our response to the biblical model of the universe will affect how we treat the natural sciences today. Should we dismiss the Bible as an irrelevant fairy tale, or at least label entire passages as simply figurative, metaphorical, or phenomenological? Should we attempt to manipulate the meaning of the text so that it is more relevant to 21st century Christians? Or perhaps we should develop a completely alternate “Christian” version of science that accommodates a verbatim application of biblical cosmology for today? These are the typical approaches, but if we correctly answered the question in Part II, then none of these will be necessary. So what is the right approach? Well, for that - you’ll just have to get the book! Beyond the Firmament: Understanding Science and the Theology of Creation (Chesapeake, VA:  Watermark Press, 2007), introduced on our next page, Creation through Evolutionary Means: Books. 

Link to the video presentations: “Does Science Contradict the Bible?”

Video Series 2: Science and Christian Education"

How should the natural sciences be taught by Christian educators? These 16 video lessons, each less than 10 minutes, approach the subject from a position that respects both the authority of scripture and the integrity of the scientific method. Below are the session titles. Here are links to the video series through YouTube and through Gordon's webpage, Beyond the Firmament

1.   Through a Glass Darkly

2.   Science, Naturalism and Materialism

3.   Proximate and Ultimate Causality

4.   What is Folk Science?

5.   Geography and Cosmology

6.   Does the Earth Move?

7.   Astronomy and Physics

8.   Geology and Earth History

9.   The Appearance of Age

10. Special Creation and Evolution

11. Biological Systematics, Part I

12. Biological Systematics, Part II

13. Intelligent Design, Part I

14. Intelligent Design, Part II

15. Concordism and Accommodation

16. Through Ancient Eyes

 

Dennis R. Venema

Dennis Venema (PhD, University of British Columbia), Assistant Professor and Chair, Department of Biology, Trinity Western University, British Columbia, Canada.

These two video power point lectures are excerpted from his course "Introduction to Biology II (for non-majors)" and explain models of relating Christian faith to evolution that are popular among the Christian community. Link

Lecture 1 (in two videos) examines the importance of biological evolution as a scientific theory, some lines of evidence for evolution, and then examines the strengths and weaknesses of Young-Earth creationism as a Christian response to evolution.

Lecture 2 compares the scientific and theological merits of Old-Earth Creationism, Intelligent Design, theistic evolution and atheistic evolutionism.

Hosted by Gordon Glover (above) on his website, Beyond the Firmament. Note: you might have to adjust the volume to hear the narration.

Robert J. Schneider

Robert J. Schneider (PhD, University of Notre Dame) completed thirty-two years on the faculty of Berea College, retiring in 2001 as distinguished professor of general studies and professor of classical languages. He taught courses in Latin and Greek languages and literatures, and also general studies courses that explored topics in biblical literature, the history of Christian thought, the history of science, classical mythology, and contemporary fiction. His senior seminar at Berea College, "Science and Faith," allowed him to combine life-long interests in science and in religious thought. His "Science and Faith" course was awarded a John Templeton Foundation Science and Religion Course Prize in 1997. Bob is a member of the Episcopal Church's national Committee on Science, Technology and Faith, and chairs its subcommittee on Creation. He has also served as his Church's consultant to the Program of Dialogue on Science, Ethics, and Religion of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Below are his opening remarks of this course:

Several years ago, I described to a Berea College student a course I was about to teach in our Senior Seminar. "Science and Faith" would look at the modern scientific world picture and responses to it in contemporary Christian theology and spirituality. I said I wanted to help our Christian students understand that there is no conflict between science rightly understood and faith in the God revealed in the Bible. "I'm glad to hear that," she said. "I'm going to major in biology, and when I told a friend that, she became upset, and said, 'You can't be a scientist and be a Christian!' and I said, 'That's not true!'" Another student, a chemistry major who is an Old Regular Baptist, once spoke of his attempts to explain to other believers how he could accept the scientific theory of evolution and still believe that God has created the universe. He was often greeted with disbelief: how could anyone believe in both evolution and the Bible?

I know that many Berea College students hold these points of view, and I believe this fact reflects a widespread suspicion, developed over the years from sermons, Sunday school lessons, and radio/TV preachers, that certain ideas and theories of modern science are contrary to one's faith, and even threatens one's salvation. Readers at other colleges and universities may recognize these sentiments, for they permeate American society. The fears these messages evoke are real, and one can hear their undertones at any school board meeting whenever parents and their children raise objections to teaching evolution and demand that creationism in some form be included with or replace evolution in science courses. My colleagues who teach the Natural Science core course at Berea College encounter them regularly.

Here is his full "Science and Faith" course.   His list of recommended books is very good.
 

Allan H. Harvey

Allan Harvey (PhD, UC Berkeley) is a chemical engineer who works in the areas of chemical thermodynamics, chemical physics, and metrology at a government science agency in Boulder, Colorado.  He is also an Elder in the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.).  He taught an Adult Sunday School class for his church on "Science and Nature in Christian Perspective" and has rewritten his course notes into a series of "chapters" available on the Web.

His opening remarks: 

I wish there were no need for this course. I’m convinced that if the church would just avoid a few simple mistakes, most of our so-called conflicts between science and Christian faith would disappear, and we could focus on more important aspects of following Jesus. Yet, these issues continue to cause problems, fed by mistakes and misunderstandings both within and without the church, and the cause of the Gospel suffers as a result.

As I have pondered and studied these matters over the past 10 or 15 years, I have become convinced that most of our problems in this area don’t come from lack of scientific knowledge. Instead, our problems are primarily theological – both unhealthy ways of reading and interpreting Scripture and inadequate understanding of God’s relationship to nature. Therefore, the science content in this course will be minimal (which may be a relief to some), and no science background on the part of the reader is assumed or required.

Another thing I have observed is that too often people rush headlong into arguments about controversial issues (evolution, the length of creation “days”, etc.) without first developing a Biblical and theological foundation to put these controversies in proper context. Therefore, our approach here will be to focus on some basic overarching concepts. We will get to individual issues eventually, but if we first have a sound general framework in place we should be able to deal with the specific issues more constructively and effectively.

My intended audience for this work is primarily Christians. Apologetics is valuable, and I admire those who eloquently articulate and defend the faith to those who do not (yet) follow Jesus, but that is not my purpose here. While this material may have some apologetic value (in showing scientifically literate people that one need not reject science to accept Jesus), it is mainly for the education of the church, in the hope that my fellow Christians can gain a healthy perspective. Today, many people won’t even consider Jesus because of foolish pseudoscience advocated by some Christians, and many young Christians find their faith endangered because they are poorly prepared to deal with these issues as they encounter the world. If the numbers in these categories are reduced even slightly, this project will have been worthwhile.   

The full course can be found here: Science and Nature in Christian Perspective. 
 

 

Free-access Book 

Nick Spencer and Denis Alexander

Rescuing Darwin: God and Evolution in Britain Today (Theos, 2009).

Nick Spencer is Director of Studies at Theos, the public theology think tank. Biosketch

Denis Alexander is Director of the Faraday Institute for Science and ReligionBiosketch

Rescuing Darwin is the title essay of a wide-ranging project exploring the extent and nature of evolutionary and non-evolutionary beliefs in the UK today and their perceived relationship with theism and atheism.

Table of Contents

chapter 1 - Darwin and God

chapter 2 - God after Darwin

chapter 3 - Darwin today

chapter 4 - Darwin in the crossfire

chapter 5 - Rescuing Darwin

Backcover

2009 marks the 200th anniversary of Charles Darwin’s birth and the 150th anniversary of the publication of The Origin of Species. The evidence for evolution by natural selection is overwhelming, only enhanced by recent advances in genetics. However, new research commissioned by Theos reveals that anti-evolutionary views enjoy significant support in the UK.

Rescuing Darwin argues that Darwin and his theory have become caught in the crossfire of a philosophical and theological battle in which he himself had little personal interest.

On the one side stands a handful of modern Darwinians who insist that evolution has killed God and ideas of design, purpose, morality and humanity. On the other side are their mainly, but not exclusively, religious opponents who, unwilling to adopt such a bleak vision, cite Genesis and Intelligent Design as evidence of evolution’s deficiency.

Rescuing Darwin contends that both positions are untenable and that, in any case, the whole battle is unnecessary. Evolution does not demand atheism or amorality. It is wholly compatible with a religious understanding of the universe.

The authors argue that we need to rescue Darwin from the crossfire of this battle, respect him as an exceptional natural scientist (rather than some kind of anti-theologian) and restore him to the position that he himself articulated in the final years of his life: “It seems to me absurd to doubt that a man may be an ardent Theist & an evolutionist.”

Introduction

Charles Darwin dedicated an entire chapter of The Origin of Species to detailing the problems with his theory. It was typical of his honesty and integrity that he should not gloss over such “a crowd of difficulties” but expose them to a critical audience. And, in 1859, not only was there a highly critical audience but there were genuine and serious questions relating to his theory.

In 2009, the evidence for evolution by natural selection is overwhelming, although of course the theory itself continues to evolve as new data come to light. The fossil record, although incomplete, firmly supports the theory, revealing impressive series of  transitional forms. More recently, advances in genetics have hugely strengthened evolution, to the extent that, in scientific circles at least, it is now incontestable.

But only, it seems, in scientific circles. According to a recent, detailed quantitative research study commissioned by Theos and conducted by the polling company ComRes, only 37% of people in the UK believe that Darwin’s theory of evolution is “beyond reasonable doubt”. 32% say that Young Earth Creationism (“the idea that God created the world sometime in the last 10,000 years”) is either definitely or probably true, and 51% say that Intelligent Design (“the idea that evolution alone is not enough to explain the complex structures of some living things, so the intervention of a designer is needed at key stages”) is either definitely or probably true.

If those figures don’t quite add up (and they don’t) it is because although many people (around a quarter) actively reject evolution, at least as many again are simply sceptical or unsure, and inclined to hedge their bets. Either way, 150 years after the publication of The Origin of Species, in the country of the author’s birth, this is a sorry state of affairs.

The reasons are complex but they seem to rest on the misconception that science and religion are somehow rival descriptions of the way the world works. According to this view, God and evolution are “competing explanation[s] for facts about the universe and life”, the creation stories of Genesis are a form of (bad) proto-science, and evolution by natural selection is somehow able to “solve the mystery of our existence”.

Only 37% of people in the UK believe that Darwin’s theory of evolution is “beyond reasonable doubt”. The fact that the answer to that mystery, at least according to Darwin’s more prominent modern disciples, is that there is no ultimate purpose or meaning to life further exacerbates the problem. Being told they are accidents of evolution, “robots”, “survival machines” of secondary importance, whose moral principles are illusory, whose mind is merely a colony of memes, and who inhabit a universe with “no purpose, no evil and no good” has limited appeal to most people.

If either of these views were correct – if Genesis chapters 1-3 were written to provide a scientific account of human origins or if evolution were “reductionism incarnate” – then we would just have to live with the resultant battle between tough-minded, atheistic evolutionists on the one side and soft-hearted, obscurantist believers on the other.

But they are not correct, nor, as far as we can tell, reflective of Darwin’s own position. Darwin had lost his Christian faith by the time he came to write The Origin of Species but given how much that faith had rested on the natural theology of William Paley, which his theory undermined, that is not entirely surprising. No longer a Christian, he remained a deist for many years, before slipping into agnosticism in his final decade. He was clear, however, that he was never an atheist and he explicitly rejected the idea that evolution necessitated atheism. Moreover, in marked contrast to some of his modern disciples, he engaged with everyone, even those who disagreed with him, in a spirit of respect and courtesy – a spirit that is sorely missing from the modern debate.

Full-text (pdf) >>
 

The Washington Theological Consortium (WTC)

 

The WTC produced this discussion guide as part of an effort to connect the interests and expertise of faculty in Washington-area theological schools with the questions and concerns of people in congregations regarding the relationship between science and religion. We hope to bring theological reflection and scientific research to adult education groups, in an interdisciplinary and ecumenical exploration of fundamental issues in this relationship. This "Congregational Resource Guide" opens with a discussion of the science of evolution, listed below, before exploring the topic of original sin within an evolutionary perspective.

 

Evolution According to Contemporary Science

·         How Has Life Evolved? 

·         What Is a Theory? 

·         Darwinian Understanding of Evolution 

·         Evolutionary Roles of Pain, Suffering, and Death 

·         Significance of Consciousness 

·         Does Evolution Exclude God, Meaning, and Purpose? 

·         Major Points 

·         Discussion Questions

 

The Authors

Dr. Daryl P. Domning (PhD, UC Berkeley) is a paleobiologist and professor of anatomy at Howard University in Washington, DC. Dr. Domning is considered the world's foremost expert on the evolution of sirenians, an order of marine mammals among whom the manatee is perhaps the best known. His recent discovery of a 50-million-year-old skeleton of an amphibious sirenian with legs is considered one of the best fossil examples of the transition from land-based to sea-dwelling animals. With theologian Monika K. Hellwig, he has coauthored the book, Original Selfishness: Original Sin and Evil in the Light of Evolution (Ashgate, 2006).

 

Rev. Joseph F. Wimmer, OSA, currently serves as associate professor of Sacred Scripture at Washington Theological Union. He earned his doctorate in Sacred Theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome in 1980. As Regent of Studies of Augustinian College in 1968, Fr. Wimmer became one of the signatories of the founding document of the Washington Theological Union. 

 
Public Lecture Series and Blogs... 
 

James Gregory Public Lectures 

James Gregory Public Lectures on Science and Religion is a series of 12 public lectures by eminent national and international speakers that will be held at the University of St Andrews, Scotland, over a 4-year period on a wide range of contemporary issues in Science and Religion. All the lectures are open for all without tickets or registering. Transcripts of the lectures, as well as audio and video recordings, are posted on their website.

The basic aim is to encourage constructive and open dialogue and an exchange of ideas on many intriguing points of contact between Science and Religion. At this time of a rise of unhealthy fundamentalism, there is a need to increase understanding, so that we may be better informed about the nature of the scientific enterprise and of religious thought. Both Science and Religion have key insights about our human nature, our creativity and our possible future.

The lectures derive their name from James Gregory, one of the most famous scientists to work at St Andrews. He was the first regius professor of mathematics in the University (in the 17th century), where, together with Newton and Leibniz, he helped found a major branch of mathematics called calculus and also invented one of the two main types of telescope, called the gregorian telescope.

The lectures are supported by a grant from the John Templeton Foundation to Eric Priest and Alan Torrance and are sponsored by the Scotsman newspaper.

Recent and upcoming lectures

Bishop Tom Wright, "Can a Scientist Believe in the Resurrection?" December 20, 2007

Dr. Denis Alexander, "Has Science Made Religion Redundant?"  February 27, 2008

Dr. Bruno Guiderdoni, "Islam and Science"  April 17, 2008

Rev. Dr. John Polkinghorne, "Does God Interact with His Suffering World?"  October 9, 2008

Prof. Sir John Houghton, "Global Warming--Is it Real and What Should We Do?"  February 19, 2009

Dr. Ken Miller, "Life--Creation or Evolution?"  April 30, 2009
Dr. Keith Ward, "God, Science, and the new Atheism" October 29, 2009
Dr. David Wilkinson, "God and the Big Bang" February 18, 2010
Dr. Bill Newsome, "The Mind: Brain or Spirit"? April 29, 2010
 

Science and the Sacred

Leaders of the BioLogos Foundation shares insights on the latest ideas on science, faith, and their integration.

Link here

 
Stephen Matheson's Blog
 
Stephen Matheson (PhD, University of Arizona) is Associate Professor of Biology, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan. He teaches courses on Cell Biology and Genetics, Human Physiology, General Biology, and Perspectives in Biology. He undertakes research in cell biology, developmental biology, and neurobiology.
 
Quintessence of Dust explores issues of science and Christian faith, focusing on genetics, development, evolution, neuroscience, and related topics, regularly discussing intelligent design, creationism, and other scientific issues that worry evangelical Christians. My main theme is scientific explanation.
 
In regular posts ("Journal Clubs"), I discuss a recent article in the scientific literature. Additional topics: theology, philosophy, baseball and Shakespeare. For basics on my perspectives, see my post on common descent and explanation. My very first post has a little more detail about the blog, and my second one explains the name.
Steve Martin's Blog
Steve Martin works in the field of technology. He lives in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada.
Dialogue rarely describes the relationship between evangelicals and evolutionary science. Perhaps debate, condemnation, or mocking, but rarely dialogue. And the lack of dialogue and propensity to condemn and mock goes both ways. Evangelicals condemn evolutionary science as atheistic; evolutionists mock evangelicals as being little better than medieval religious nutcases. Prominent evangelicals will debate evolution, but as in most debates, there is little real listening. It’s all about scoring points and winning the argument.

So it can be a bewildering experience for thoughtful evangelicals trying to determine the credibility of the theory of evolution. On the one hand, the scientific community, almost unanimously, considers it to be an undeniable fact. The evidence is deemed as compelling as other obvious scientific facts like gravity and heliocentricism. On the other hand, Young Earth Creationist (YEC) organizations (largely Evangelical in outlook) boldly claim that there is absolutely no evidence to support evolution, or that the evidence is either fabricated or grossly misinterpreted. Even more disconcerting is the fact that the shrillest voices on both sides of the debate agree that evolution has huge religious implications. “Evolution is true, and its clear implication is that there is no God”, says one atheistic evolutionist. “The acceptance of evolution means denying the Word of God” counters YEC.

Since the choice is framed as either "Evolution or God", its no wonder that most Evangelicals shy away from talking or thinking about evolution. Theistic Evolutionism (TE) seems more like an oxymoron rather than a legitimate position on origins. This was my own perspective growing up in a conservative Evangelical culture. And although I became less dogmatic about my opposition to evolution as I entered adulthood, it was not something I thought much about. That is, until a few years ago when it became obvious that my 9-year old son was starting to have questions about science and faith, questions I myself had faced when I was younger but was maybe too afraid to discuss, or to investigate too deeply. Thus started a quest to investigate "the truth" of evolution and its implication for my faith. Sometimes courage to face our fears comes not because we are courageous, but because the alternative is deemed even worse.

Now, several years into this quest, one thing is eminently clear: I was immensely naïve to think that I could answer all my questions one way or another regarding the interaction of evolution and the Christian Faith – at least in this lifetime. Indeed, as soon as one question is answered, two more seem to pop out of the woodwork. As well, this type of investigation requires specialization in biology, geology, genetics, biochemistry, paleontology, anthropology, theology, history, history of science, philosophy, philosophy of science, and biblical studies to name but a few of the disciplines. Even brilliant academics with doctorates in 2 or 3 of the disciplines need to “trust the experts” in fields in which they are unfamiliar. I am, at the very best, a rank amateur in only of few of these disciplines; in most I am virtually illiterate. It’s clear that I will never be able to completely close the book on this quest.

However, I have come to some broad conclusions. The first is that biological evolution, including common descent of humans from pre-existing animals, is the framework that best matches current scientific evidence for describing how life developed on earth. Second, and more importantly, I believe that the idea of God creating through evolution is compatible with the Christian faith, an Evangelical expression of this faith, a faith that does not compromise the divine inspiration and authority of the scriptures, and is in fact theologically more satisfying than creation without evolution...

Steve has compiled many of his blog series into Ebooks.

Ebook#1: Evangelicals, Evolution, and Academics

Ebook#2: Evolution and Original Sin

Ebook#3: The Social Psychology of the Origins Debate

Ebook#4: Polkinghorne Quotes

Ebook#5: An Evangelical Dialogue on Evolution: A collection of articles promoting a positive relationship between Evangelical Christianity and evolutionary science


 
Back to the Table of Contents
 
 

Welcome !